Ray Maota Former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet is sworn in as executive director of UN Women by UN secretary-general Ban Ki-Moon. The UN Women logo. (Images: UN Women) MEDIA CONTACTS • Nanette Braun Head of Communications UN Women Headquarters +1 212 906 6829 RELATED ARTICLES • South Africa joins UN Security Council • UN lifetime award for Tutu • Africa: Serious about food • Unesco, AU to boost journalism The creation of a new body, UN Women – or the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women – was celebrated on 30 January 2011 at the 16th Summit of the African Union (AU) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Speaking about the new entity at the summit, UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon said: “There is progress here and there on the continent regarding women’s rights, but we must go much further to ensure greater gender equality in Africa. It is not just a matter of justice as the facts show indeed that gender equality is a factor of growth and social peace.”The entity should place emphasis on African women’s access to education, health and political responsibility, Ban added.Achieving gender equality was a key theme of the 2011 AU summit.“We need to empower African women who produce food, raise children and drive the economy. When women take their rightful place at the negotiating table, in parliament and in leadership positions across society, we can unleash Africa’s enormous potential. UN Women is here to help reach this goal,” said the secretary-general.Unveiling UN Women’s new logo at the summit, its executive director Michelle Bachelet said: “A vision of how much more is possible when men and women have equal rights and opportunities will drive UN Women. We will be bold and ambitious in our aspirations and we will also be practical in building an organisation that can make a lasting difference in women’s lives.”Bachelet was Chile’s first woman president, serving her term from 11 March 2006 to 11 March 2010. She prioritised women’s issues during her tenure and has been working with the UN Development Fund for Women (Unifem) since leaving office.Pushing gender equalityUN Women was created in July 2010 at a UN General Assembly session and became operational on 1 January 2011.It merges four previously distinct entities of the UN focusing on gender equality: Division for the Advancement of Women; International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women; Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women; and Unifem.UN Women will see to the development of women-friendly policies, and help member states implement and monitor them.Celebrating African leadersAt this year’s AU summit, President of Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo took over the rotating presidency of the AU from Malawian President Bing wa Mutharika.The choice of Mbasogo has been criticised as taking the AU back to the days when dictators led the now-defunct Organisation of African Unity. Mbasogo has ruled Equatorial Guinea with an iron fist for more than 30 years after executing his predecessor.The UN secretary-general spoke about the unrest in Egypt and the political crisis in Côte d’Ivoire at the summit, but also commended the successful secession referendum in Sudan.French President Nicholas Sarkozy said that France would continue to support development on the African continent.President of South Africa Jacob Zuma also addressed delegates at the summit.“Today we also celebrate many outstanding leaders on the continent. We were inspired by Julius Nyerere, Kenneth Kaunda, Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Haile Sellasie, Jomo Kenyatta, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ahmed Ben Bella, Samora Machel, Agostinho Neto, Ahmed Sekou Toure, Amilcar Cabral, Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa, and many others.”“We continue to draw inspiration from their selflessness, commitment and dedication to this continent and its people,” added Zuma.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Based in Washington Court House, Seed Consultants, Inc. (SCI) was started in 1990 by Chris Jeffries and Dan Fox and today has grown to be the largest Ohio based seed company. Over the past 25 years, SCI has seen much growth and many positive changes.“Seed Consultants has experienced tremendous growth over our first 25 years,” said Daniel Call, the general manager. “We are grateful to our customers and employees who have allowed us to experience this growth and success. We are excited to continue this growth and service to our customers over the next 25 years.”In 2000, the company built a state-of-the-art conditioning facility at its Washington Court House location with a cleaning capacity of one million units of soybeans and wheat. In 2001, SCI purchased the retail seed sales of Warner Seeds of Bradford, Ohio and entered into a long-term agreement with Warner Seeds for irrigated production of hybrid seed corn. The corn production arm, Warner Seeds and Dull Homestead, recently invested more than $3.5 million in new construction and renovation of their seed corn plants. In 2009, SCI purchased an additional warehouse in Sabina, Ohio, gaining an additional 130,000 square feet of storage space.SCI has remained focused on customer service, good business practices and values while continuing to grow the business. Seed Consultants was built on a foundation of honesty and ethical treatment of customers, and continues to live up to that legacy.SCI has committed tremendous resources to determining where hybrids and varieties are best adapted and supplying customers with elite genetics that will perform on their soils. Seed Consultants corn, soybeans, wheat and alfalfa varieties are selected specifically for the eastern Corn Belt’s unique soil types and growing conditions. Since 2008, SCI is the only eastern Corn Belt based seed company with four national and 31 state winners in the NCGA Yield Contest. On average, SCI annually plants more than 45,000 yield plots at 75 research locations throughout Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, North Carolina and Virginia.
By Carol ChurchFiling income taxes isn’t most people’s idea of a fun way to spend a day, and making sense of military tax situations can be especially complex and tricky. Fortunately, there are a vast range of resources available to assist service members in this situation. Even military finance experts may be surprised to learn just how many! In this post, we’ll break down some of the available options and explain how they can help new military taxpayers and financial whizzes alike.MilTaxWhat is MilTax? It’s free, easy-to-use tax software designed specifically for service members. Service members can file federal and state forms electronically with the assurance that accuracy is guaranteed. MilTax, provided by Military OneSource, also offers free assistance from trained tax consultants, with extended hours during tax season. Learn more about MilTax here and here.Commercial Tax Prep DiscountsSome people prefer to do their own taxes using a commercial service. For those in this category, TurboTax and H&R Block offer free and reduced-cost filing software and services to military service members. At TurboTax Military Edition, E1-E5 members receive free basic filing (more complex returns may incur charges) and members ranked E6 and above receive discounts. At TaxSlayer, active duty military save 50% on their returns.Assistance Directly from the IRSOf course, the IRS also offers a wealth of detailed information directly to taxpayers. While this information may be a bit more technical, sometimes it is extremely helpful to go to the source.Tax Information for Members of the Military: This landing page provides access to the most up-to-date armed forces tax guide as well as information on various tax situations for current service members, veterans, and retirees.It’s also useful to know about IRS Free File, a service which provides basic tax filing software to taxpayers earning less than $64,000 per year, and free online “fillable forms” to those earning more than this.VITA AssistanceMost large military bases will offer free tax preparation from VITA, the Volunteer income Tax Assistance program. VITA is not just for the military—this tax assistance service is available to most taxpayers who earn less than $54,000 a year, as well as people with disabilities and limited English proficiency. While VITA volunteers cannot help with every tax situations (see this publication for more info), most service members with lower incomes should qualify.U.S. Army photos by Pfc. Ma, Jae-sang(If a service member is not near a base, VITA is available in other locations as well, such as schools, libraries, and community centers. To find a VITA location, use this tool.)AARP Tax AideAARP’s free volunteer-based Tax Aide services are intended for older adults and low- to moderate-income taxpayers. They may be especially appropriate for older veterans, but are available to all during tax season. To learn more about TaxAide, visit their site.
In which we examine the “slow burn” approach to filmmaking and why you should consider this approach for your next project.Cover image via Miramax.For those unfamiliar with the term, a “slow burn” is a filmmaking style, usually in narrative productions, wherein plot, action, and scenes develop slowly, methodically toward a (usually) explosive boiling point.You’d probably best recognize the genre with notable films like The Coen brothers’ No Country for Old Men or Michael Mann’s Heat (or similar elements in its popular protege The Dark Knight) or recent breakouts like Jeremy Saulnier’s Blue Ruin or S. Craig Zahler’s Brawl in Cell Block 99. However, the style finds its roots in true crime detective pictures and classic film noir.For modern, digital filmmakers operating on indie budgets, the “slow burn” film has become a popular (and practical) option that is both thematically powerful and friendly to limited-production-resource filmmaking. If you’re truly interested in using the style in your projects, let’s take look at some of the main elements of what makes slow burn films catch fire.Minimal ExpositionImage from Drive (via Film District).Slow burn films, like their heroes and villains, are seldom much for talking. As such, things like exposition (i.e. character and setting) are often left to the bare minimum. Part of the allure of slow burn films is the challenge they present to audiences to figure out what’s going on. Characters’ motives are often vague and ambiguous, which means you don’t have to waste time or effort on elaborate plot devices or scenes to set everything up nice and quick.Let Scenes DevelopImage from Blue Ruin (via The Weinstein Company).Scenes in slow burn films are often slow and methodical in their pacing. For some of the true filmmaking greats who have worked in the style, this allows for a great deal of creativity and intentionality in shot selection and storytelling. Characters can breathe and move slowly through scenes as the audience interprets every movement, pause, and line of dialogue with great attention.Slowly (but Steadily) Raise the StakesImage from Brawl in Cell Block 99 (via Cinestate).However, for a slow burn film to keep its audience’s interest, the stakes must always be in an increasing state. Major plot information may remain scarce, but the points that do arrive should hit hard and continuously build so your audience anticipates a just-around-the-corner tipping point.Boiling Point ClimaxImage from Heat (via Warner Bros.)In many ways, the climax to a slow burn film is the single most important aspect of the style. While there are some intentional aberrations (like The Coen brother’s lack of resolution in No Country for Old Men), your protagonist’s boiling-over point should be a well-deserved climactic explosion of violence, revenge, or breakthrough.Wrap Up to LingerImage from Stalker (via Criterion Collection).Yet, once a well-earned climax arrives, the slow burn is not one to wrap things up in a neat little package for audiences to take home, feeling safe and satisfied. Quite the contrary; slow burn films are best when they linger with viewers for days and weeks after. While the audience sees a build-up and release, elements of the style and the story can go unsaid or unfinished to haunting or memorable effect.For more information on the slow burn film style and other genre production tips, check out some of these links.10 Great Films That Prove Slow Isn’t Always BoringBreak Genre Rules Like a Master FilmmakerThe Good, the Bad and the Ugly of the Western Film GenreHow the Buddy Comedy Continues to Enamor Audiences
Photo Attribution: US PresswireDavid Ubben posed the question yesterday on his Big 12 blog. There are a number of ways to look at this but the title of “best offense in the Big 12” definitely belongs to one of the following five schools: Baylor, KSU, OSU, OU, and WVU.First, let’s rid ourselves of the archaic points per game metric when looking at best offenses. Oklahoma State does not necessarily have a better offense than Alabama because they score 20 or 30 more points per game. That’s dumb and outdated.The true measure of a great offense is how efficient you are when you get the ball.For example, if you get 1,000 possessions in a season and score 200 TDs but punt 800 times, you’d set the NCAA record for points scored, but you were ridiculously inefficient in doing it. And since other teams get the same amount of possessions (roughly) as you, you probably went 0-12. Plus, your punter needs a leg replacement and those are expensive.So to answer the question about which offense was most efficient, let’s dig into the numbers.[table id=72 /]Some notes on this table…% scored is what percentage of your offensive drives did you score points (FG or TD) on.% given up is what percentage of your offensive drives did you give the ball back to the other team without scoring on[1. These aren’t supposed to add up to 100% because we aren’t accounting for end of half or end of game drives, I just threw them out].Kansas State’s offense received the ball 141 times (fewest in the conference) — and only gave it back without scoring on 38% of their possessions. This was the best mark in the country. Next best in the Big 12 was OSU at 43%, next best nationally was La Tech at 41%.This is absurd, and really sheds light on the fact that KSU only had nine (!) turnovers all year. Nine! I think OSU had nine in the Arizona game!Also, on 52% of those 141 possessions, the Wildcats scored (again, the other 10% were end of the half or end of game drives). Only five other teams in the country had a mark over 50% (OSU, Baylor, Bama, A&M, and La Tech).Their points per drive mark (a model of efficiency) was 2.77. So if you gave KSU 13 possessions in any given game (the national average) you could expect them to score 36.01 points. Combine that with only coughing it up nine times all year and…well….you see why they won the Big 12.Baylor was nearly as efficient at 2.75 points per drive, even though they turned it over and gave it back a lot more than K-State did. The reason was that they scored 65 (!!) touchdowns and had one of the best TD/FG ratios in the conference (4 TD for every 1 FG). There’s a lot of room to make up for inefficiencies by putting the ball in the endzone.On the flip side, OSU scored more often than any team in the league (88 total scores) but they couldn’t post TDs. If they score TDs on just 7-8 of their field goals then they’re right up there on points per drive with Baylor and KSU.WVU and OU gave it back to their opponents without scoring far too often to be considered the conference’s best offense.So here’s how I would rank them based on efficiency:1. Kansas State2. Baylor3. Oklahoma State4. WVU5. OUAnd here’s how you guys ranked them on SportsNation:1. Baylor2. West Virginia3. Kansas State4. Oklahoma State5. OklahomaI don’t have a huge problem with WVU over OSU (because of the Savannah State game) but man, I have a hard time putting Dana’s squad ahead of Kansas State which, just like its coach, was an absolute model of efficiency in 2012.If you’re looking for the comments section, it has moved to our forum, The Chamber. You can go there to comment and holler about these articles, specifically in these threads. You can register for a free account right here and will need one to comment.If you’re wondering why we decided to do this, we wrote about that here. Thank you and cheers!
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Pogba dig at Mourinho after Man Utd win: When you play free and you have manager’s trust…by Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the lovePaul Pogba was delighted with Manchester United’s victory at Tottenham.Pogba laid on Marcus Rashford’s first-half matchwinning goal.“I love playing big matches,” he told Sky Sports after the game. “I love playing against the best players, that is where we improve, progress and get more experience. “Obviously it was a good one for us and everyone played well, we were all determined because we wanted to win this game. I think the players helped me and we all enjoy playing football and playing together and that is what we did today.”Pogba added: “Everything comes when you play free and you have the trust of the manager and players who make it easy for me. I know [Nemanja] Matic will be there and we can press high and when we get the ball I am already there so I can shoot, I can pass and that is what I have been doing since the manager came. I know I have security behind me so I have the freedom to go so the manager has helped me.”
Fred Funk, one of the most recognizable names and personalities in professional golf, is partnering with Stryker and Fisher House Foundation to help support our military families by making the same Stryker GetAroundKnee hat that he wears on tour available for golf fans.For every hat purchased Stryker will donate 100% of the net proceeds directly to the Fisher House Foundation to support our injured or sick military veterans and their families. Fisher House is a non-profit organization that provides a home away from home that enables family members to be close to a loved one during hospitalization for an illness, disease or injury. Hats may be purchased by visiting www.getaroundknee.com.In 2012, Fisher House served more than 19,000 military families by donating “comfort homes,” built on the ground of major military and Veteran’s Affairs medical centers. These homes enable family members to be close to a loved one at the most stressful times–during the hospitalization for an unexpected illness, disease or injury. Since 1990, Fisher House has been able to offer over 4.7 million days of lodging to military families, resulting in savings of more than $200 million to families in lodging, and transportation costs. There are currently 60 houses in operation to date.For its part, Stryker has had a long history of supporting our nation’s military though education, residency programs, products, and donations and is a leading supporter of the Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS), so the Fisher House sponsorship just made sense.“Our partnership with Fred Funk and Stryker is extremely important to Fisher House Foundation and to the tens of thousands of military families that we serve annually,” says Derek Donovan, Vice President of Fisher House Foundation, and Colonel, USMC (Ret.), who joined the Foundation in 2007 following 26 years of active duty service in the United States Marine Corps. “We know that Americans want to support our military men and women, and we’re delighted that through the sale of Fred’s popular hat, we can help to make this happen,” adds Donovan.Whether it’s the stress and fatigue from travel to and from events on tour, or even his recovery from knee replacement surgery, Fred understands the importance of having family around for support. A 20-year veteran of the sport and current member of the Champions Tour, Funk underwent a total knee replacement with Stryker’s GetAroundKnee in November 2009 which enabled him to get back out on the course and back to competing.Funk’s return to golf post-knee replacement has been an inspiration to golf fans around the world and he’s picked by the Champions Tour as a top player to watch for the past 2 years. A perennial fan favorite Funk continues to receive the support of fans that have been eager to wear his same hat. What started out as Funk tossing a few hats to fans post-round has grown into a program poised to give back in a big way through the Stryker/Fisher House partnership.“I’ve always been extremely grateful for our service men and women. That’s why I’m excited to partner with Stryker and Fisher House to support such a great cause,” says Funk. “I know firsthand how important family can be when recovering from physical challenges. When I was recovering from my knee surgery a few years ago, I was fortunate to have the strength and support of my family, who was there to encourage me every step of the way and get me back into the game that I love,” adds Funk.For more information about how to purchase a Stryker hat to support America’s military families, please visit www.getaroundknee.com.Source:PR Newswire
OAKLAND, Calif. — LeBron James’s relative solo act has been discussed at length this postseason. But for how much his showings set him apart from his team, there’s an argument to be made that no Cavalier feels more alone than Kevin Love.And on Sunday night, Love was made to feel like he was on an island again and again and again — maybe a dozen times in all. In each instance, Stephen Curry — a two-time MVP and the greatest shooter on the planet — had Love right where he wanted him: By himself, with no help defender in sight, giving the Golden State star the time and space to dissect him off the dribble to the tune of 33 points and a finals-record nine 3-pointers. The lights-out shooting helped spur the Warriors to a 2-0 edge in the best-of-seven series, which now heads to Cleveland for Game 3 on Wednesday.Certain shots will understandably garner the majority of the attention — particularly this nearly 30-foot circus shot to beat the shot clock early in the fourth that provided Golden State enormous momentum as Cleveland was attempting to make one final push. But beneath the surface, Curry is giving the troubled Cavs defense fits, in part because of what he and Klay Thompson do better than anyone else: move without the ball to free themselves for open shots.In particular, Curry has played a mix of both Hot Potato and Tag, essentially setting up give-and-go plays with his teammates by passing them the ball with the hope and intention of getting it back after he has sprinted to an open spot behind the 3-point line. The style of play makes him an even more challenging cover for the 29th-ranked Cleveland defense, not only because of the occasional confusion it brings about, but also because Curry’s teammates will occasionally use his give-and-go sequences as an opportunity to screen for him in the corner.Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/passback1.mp400:0000:0000:10Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Video Playerhttps://fivethirtyeight.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/passback2.mp400:0000:0000:11Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.“It’s tough — really tough — to guard Steph anywhere out there on the floor because he’s just so good at finding himself open,” Love said after the game, in which Curry shot a perfect 5-of-5 from 3-point range in the final period.Curry’s ability to shake free was far from the only thing that explained Golden State’s victory. The Warriors, who’ve struggled at times with focus, jumped out to a 15-6 run to start the game and appeared locked in from the outset in the wire-to-wire victory. They made a point of being more aggressive defensively with James after his stellar Game 1 and sought to force the ball out of his hands by occasionally sending a second man at him. And perhaps most noteworthy: Curry’s co-stars, Thompson and Kevin Durant, were even more efficient than Curry himself, with Durant scoring 26 points on just 14 shots and Thompson getting 20 on 13 shot attempts.Yet the performance — with the sprint-and-shoot element of Curry’s game coming alive — highlights something meaningful about the Warriors. After looking stagnant and vulnerable at times on offense in its seven-game bout with the Houston Rockets, Golden State finally appears to resemble itself again — even without injured forward Andre Iguodala, whose presence as a secondary ballhandler has been missed on that end.Since Game 6 of the Houston series, Curry has shot 5-of-9 on give-and-go 3-point tries. By contrast, he has shot just 3-of-18 on all other catch-and-shoot looks from deep, according to analyst Matt Williams with ESPN’s Stats & Information Group. (Worth noting: Curry is getting almost an extra half-foot on average between him and his nearest defender when his shot stems from a give-and-go.)Curry noted Sunday that the sprint-and-shoot strategy is one that he has used for a while now. “We’ve been doing that for a long time — it’s just that everything’s under a microscope now in the playoffs,” said Curry, who’s building a case to win his first NBA Finals MVP. “With how teams guard us with all their switching and things like that, you’ve got to find ways to create space.”That space often comes in the form of a big like Love or Clint Capela lacking the footspeed necessary to track Curry all the way back out to the 3-point line after cutting through the paint. This — and Curry’s hesitation moves into the paint, which defenders have to honor to avoid him getting off 3-point attempts — is how Golden State makes teams pay for perimeter switches.And on Sunday, it resulted in Curry making Love and Larry Nance Jr. look like bad stuntmen — they went lunging and flying after the Warriors guard when he broke free in the short corner.So, sure: The Cavaliers might be able to take some solace in the idea of going back home for Games 3 and 4. But unless they can find a way to bottle up Curry and the rediscovered Warriors offense, even home-court advantage may not be enough to make this a series again.Check out our latest NBA predictions.
Ohio State is far from the first school to be charged with NCAA infractions for violations committed by its football program. Other programs have had penalties ranging from small suspensions to the “death penalty,” but precedents set by NCAA cases could influence the organization’s final ruling on OSU. On Aug. 12, a group of university representatives, including interim coach Luke Fickell and former coach Jim Tressel, will travel to Indianapolis to make its case to the NCAA’s Committee on Infractions. The NCAA’s Notice of Allegations, sent to OSU President E. Gordon Gee on April 21, detailed the charges brought against the university. In the report, the NCAA said Tressel failed to behave with “honesty and integrity,” and knowingly played ineligible players, including Terrelle Pryor, Dan Herron, DeVier Posey, Solomon Thomas and Mike Adams. The players are suspended for the first five games of the 2011 season for selling memorabilia and receiving improper benefits. The report also revealed that OSU may be designated as a “repeat offender” because of coach Jim O’Brien and 2006 Heisman Trophy-winning quarterback Troy Smith. O’Brien gave $6,000 to recruit’s mother, later forcing the Buckeyes to vacate their 2001 Final Four appearance and season wins. Repeat offenders generally receive harsher penalties. Absent from the report were the terms “lack of institutional control” and “failure to monitor,” which can indicate large-scale violations and equally large penalties. If the ongoing NCAA investigation uncovers a widespread problem within the program, “lack of institutional control” can still be applied to OSU. Sports Illustrated recently reported that OSU’s violations extended beyond the six players suspended next season. The report said as many as 28 players received improper benefits since 2002, including nine current players. Josephine Potuto, who has served on the NCAA Division I Committee on Infractions since 2006, said the new allegations could lead to an extended investigation. “I would say, given what’s been reported in the papers and other media, I would guess there’s a chance the hearing won’t be held in August,” Potuto said. Potuto also said that, if the NCAA decided to investigate further, the hearing could be delayed. Michael Buckner, a lawyer who specializes in sports law, said the alleged violations eventually could lead to OSU being cited for “lack of institutional control.” “These are just new allegations,” Buckner said. “Although they have been published from reputable media organizations, the NCAA and OSU still must conduct their own investigation, interview witnesses, collect documents and verify those allegations before any time of institutional control allegations are added to the case.” In 2010, the USC football program was cited for “lack of institutional control” for violations primarily involving running back Reggie Bush. The program received a two-year postseason-bowl ban and faced reduction of 30 scholarships over three years. Chris Dufresne, who covers USC football for The Los Angeles Times, said there are similarities between the two cases. “What you have in common are two major power football universities where football is king and needs to be protected at all times,” Dufresne said. “But you have to wonder, ‘At what cost?’” Dufresne said whether OSU is cited for “lack of institutional control” depends on several factors. “It’s going to depend on whether it can be isolated to one person,” Dufresne said. “If it’s just Jim Tressel and no one else was really involved, then it’s on him. But it all depends on how much it bleeds into the rest of the administration.” One thing that may benefit OSU is that the university self-reported the violations in December, whereas USC denied any wrongdoing. “Ohio State initially did self-report this in December,” Dufresne said. “How they did it and how they perceived it and managed it is in question. … USC basically said they never did anything wrong.” Despite the self-reported violations, Dufresne said OSU still could face harsher penalties than USC because Tressel was a central figure in the violations. “Given what has been reported and what, I think, is being acknowledged, the head coach had players compete when they were ineligible,” Potuto said. “That’s a serious violation.” Dufresne said Tressel’s involvement probably will lead to a strict ruling. “My best guess is (the punishment) will be at least as severe as USC’s,” Dufresne said, “possibly more because (Tressel) was involved.” The most severe punishment the NCAA can issue is known commonly as the “death penalty.” If a program is issued the death penalty, it is banned from competing for one year. In 1987, the NCAA gave the Southern Methodist University football program the dreaded punishment. That remains the only time the NCAA has instituted the death penalty. Buckner said he doesn’t think OSU will share SMU’s fate. “With SMU, you have an entirely different situation,” he said. “You had boosters that were members of the Board of Directors that were directly involved. So, it started at the very top and went all the way down. It was definitely the textbook case of ‘lack of institutional control’ because the institution sanctioned that lack of control.” SMU was already serving a two-year bowl ban when it was discovered that players were being paid to play for the school. Dufresne said he doesn’t think the death penalty ever will be used again. “They’re never going to do that again,” Dufresne said. “I think they realized that they went way overboard with that because it basically put a program out of business for 25 years.”