Uncertain market leaves Spanish firms reluctant to look to long term

first_img Despite strict control on labour contracting, Spain has suffered periods of the worst unemployment in Europe. August Toro of Spanish law firm Jausos, Nadal and Vidal de Llobatera, looks at regulations employers must use in employing and retaining staffThe Spanish labour market has historically been considered very rigid, and this inflexibility is one of the major causes of its high unemployment rates. As a result, employers have been very reluctant to establish indefinite employment contracts because of the difficulties involved in adjusting staff levels to the company’s needs.On the other hand, the strict control to which labour contracting has been subject did not succeed in avoiding, in periods of crisis, the highest unemployment rates of Europe. It is, therefore, obvious that labour regulations cannot be enacted against the market trends – in periods of economic growth employment increases, and in periods of crisis unemployment rises, whatever the cost of dismissal may be.As a result of the present situation of economic expansion, the unemployment rate in Spain has substantially decreased. The price paid for it is a high degree of precariousness in employment as a great number of new labour contracts are implemented by means of temporary agreements. It does not seem likely that this situation will change, due to the high level of compensation otherwise payable by employers when terminating indefinite employment contracts.Since the last general elections, the Government has been considering, with employers and trade unions, the possibility of reducing the cost of dismissal. Under current regulations it is, in general terms, 45 days’ salary per year of service up to a maximum of 42 months’ total salary. This is not proving to be an easy task and has not yet been resolved.Consequently, of the two types of employment contracts available, indefinite and temporary, the most used one is the latter. Temporary contractingThe main types of temporary agreements are the following:Agreements for a fixed term These can refer to a determined work or service, or be temporary due to production or transitional circumstances.Agreements relating to a determined work or service The term of such agreements is uncertain, being tied to the time required for completion of the work or service involved. Temporary contracts based on production requirements These are intended to meet special market needs, accumulation of work or excess orders. They cannot exceed six months in a 12-month period. Interim agreements These may be used to fill the post of a worker who is entitled to return to a position after a period of leave (such as parental leave). The term of the appointment depends on the period of leave. Interim agreements must not exceed three months.Training agreementsThese can relate to professional practice or to training.Practices agreement To enter into this the worker must obtain professional practice appropriate to his studies. The studies must only have been concluded within the four years preceding the contract. The term cannot be less than six months or more than two years. Training agreement This is intended for workers over 16 years and under 21 who do not have the qualification required for the post for which they are applying – the purpose being to provide them with the qualification. The term cannot be less than six months or more than two years. The employer agrees to provide the worker with the necessary training and he has the obligation to issue a certificate upon termination of the contract, stating the theoretical training received and experience acquired.Common characteristics in the above agreements include that they have to be made in writing and the worker must be registered with Social Security. Any formal defect may be considered as fraudulent contracting and the worker would be considered as permanent. The temporary agreements can otherwise be terminated within the agreed time limit without resulting in the payment of any compensation.Permanent employmentPermanent employment is regulated by the Workers’ Statute. Supplementing the statute are collective bargaining agreements in the various sectors which are negotiated, as a rule, on a yearly basis between trade unions and employers’ organisations. The Workers’ Statute and Collective Agreements are the two great pillars regulating labour relations.The following characteristics are worthy of note:Form of the agreement A written agreement is not required, so verbal contracting is permitted. Trial period This must be in writing and cannot exceed six months for qualified technicians or two for other staff. No trial period can be established if the worker has previously fulfilled identical functions in the same undertaking. Term The contract is indefinite unless any of the defined term options have been adopted. Registration of the agreement The employer must inform the Employment Office that a contract has been executed. If it has been established in writing it must be registered, if it is a verbal contract a mere communication will be sufficient. The time limit for notification is 10 days from the date of the contract. Social Security The worker must be registered with Social Security within the five days preceding the start of the rendering of services. Discrimination The worker cannot be the subject of any discriminating measure. Any discriminating contractual provisions shall be null and void as a matter of law. Salary Every year the Government publishes the minimum salary applicable in the Spanish territory, which for 2000 is 989.520 pesetas a year. Trade unions and employers’ associations negotiate every year the salary in each economic sector and for each category of workers. Working hours Those agreed on in collective agreements; failing a collective agreement the limit is 40 hours per week. Extra hours No more than 80 extra hours a year can be worked, only additional paid hours devoted to preventing or responding to accidents or other extraordinary and urgent situations are excluded. Vacation 30 calendar days per year and they cannot be taken within the period of maximum activity of the undertaking. Termination of the agreement This may be done on various detailed grounds. In brief, it may be terminated at the worker’s or at the employer’s initiative, although there are other reasons such as retirement, death of the employer or of the worker, force majeure, etc. When resigning, the worker must be given notice ranging, depending on the post, from seven days to two months (or even six months for senior executives). No notice is required from the employer if such termination is as a result of a disciplinary dismissal. Non competition clause While the agreement is in force, the worker cannot render services for competitors. It may also be agreed that post-termination he or she may not join a competitor provided he receives appropriate financial compensation which is agreed between the parties. The term of this clause cannot exceed two years for technical personnel, or six months for other workers.Employing foreign workersWithin the European Union there is freedom of movement and of employment of workers from other countries. The Spanish regulations follow the rules of any other country of the European Community with respect to the employment of Community workers and freedom of movement and of employment of workers from other countries.When workers from non EU member states are employed, it is necessary to execute first a pre-contract, the effectiveness of which is conditional upon the grant of a working and residence permit. When entering Spain the worker must be in possession of the corresponding residence visa obtainable from the Spanish Consulate in the worker’s country of residence. The residence visa is subject to the approval of the worker’s employment by the Ministry of Work and Social Affairs.August Toro is a lawyer at Jausos, Nadal & Vidal de LlobateraThe Personnel Today guide to international employment law is edited by Clare Murray Uncertain market leaves Spanish firms reluctant to look to long termOn 8 Aug 2000 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Article Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. last_img read more

US Coast Guard receives 27th FRC ‘Richard Snyder’

first_img February 12, 2018 Authorities US Coast Guard receives 27th fast response cutter ‘Richard Snyder’ Share this article View post tag: USCGC Richard Snyder Back to overview,Home naval-today US Coast Guard receives 27th fast response cutter ‘Richard Snyder’ The Coast Guard received its 27th fast response cutter (FRC), Richard Snyder, in Key West, Florida, on February 8.According to the Coast Guard, the cutter will be the first FRC stationed in Atlantic Beach, North Carolina, and will be commissioned in April.Boatswain’s Mate 1st Class Richard T. Snyder, the cutter’s namesake, was awarded a Silver Star for eliminating enemy resistance to an amphibious assault on the island of Biak, part of Papua New Guinea, in 1944.During the assault, members of an American landing party came under a heavy hand-grenade bombardment from enemy troops in nearby caves. Snyder acquired a weapon and launched grenades at the opposing forces – thus defeating the enemy resistance and enabling the landing without American casualties. He was a chief petty officer when he was honorably discharged and separated from the service Sept. 13, 1945.The FRCs are replacing the 1980s-era 110-foot patrol boats and feature advanced command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance equipment. The cutters have improved habitability and seakeeping and over-the-horizon cutter boat launch and recovery from astern or via side davits. Each FRC is 154 feet long, features an endurance of five days and can reach a maximum speed of over 28 knots.The Coast Guard has ordered 44 of the 58 FRCs planned. Twenty-five are in service: 12 in Florida, six in Puerto Rico, two in Alaska, two in New Jersey, one in Mississippi and two in Hawaii. The FRC is complemented operationally by the offshore patrol cutter’s extended range and endurance, and the national security cutter’s offshore command and control capabilities. View post tag: US Coats Guard View post tag: FRClast_img read more

Vitamin D deficiency affects 23% UK adults

first_imgVitamin D deficiency in the UK is “not acceptable” as it is revealed that 23% of adults are not hitting their recommended daily intake.Five of Europe’s leading nutritional scientists have spoken out following the issue revealed in the National Diet & Nutrition Survey last week.A deficiency in the vitamin can lead to brittle bones in the elderly and under-fours as well as spina bifida in foetuses, which affects around one in 1,000 pregnancies.Adding the vitamin to food is one solution and bakeries could be part of it by adding extra nutrients to flour. The industry is awaiting a government decision on the mandatory addition of folic acid – a B vitamin – to flour, which has been delayed until 2015. Experts claim fortifying flour this way could prevent 300 babies a year from developing spina bifida and other birth defects.However, conversely, experts have also called for more research to be done into the effects of high vitamin D intake.The EU recommendation for children and adults is five micrograms or 200 IU per day while the UK recommends 10 micrograms for over-65s.In 2009 yeast-maker GB Ingredients’ owner Lallemand pioneered a new yeast containing vitamin D brought about naturally from ultra-violet action on the yeast. Two slices or 100g of bread made with Vitamin D yeast provide 15% of the recommended intake.last_img read more

54 Below Gets Ready to Welcome Cry Babies, a Heather & More

first_img View Comments We’ve made it through summer, but the stage is always hot at 54 Below. The Broadway supper club will soon get a name change when it partners with cabaret luminary Michael Feinstein, but before then, here are a few not-to-be-missed acts coming up at the space. Get ready for a Heather, Carcassonne-playing newlyweds and baby baby baby baby baby (baby baby).CRY-BABY REUNION CONCERTWith James Snyder, Elizabeth Stanley & More – 9/17 at 9:30 & 11:30PMWe’ve got a screw loose for this group. In celebration of the upcoming (and long overdue) cast album, the cast of the 2008 tuner, including the Hey Kid fave, Stanley, Wicked alum Alli Mauzey and former vlogger Christopher J. Hanke, will take the stage to get infected by that score one more time. GET TICKETSRYANN REDMOND”Cry Me a River” – 9/29 at 9:30PMAfter selling out her solo show debut in February, the If/Then and Bring It On alum is heading back to the midtown hotspot for a night of show tunes and rock ‘n’ roll. Expect a slew of special guest appearances—perhaps some former co-stars—and plenty of belting. If you need some special viewing to prepare yourself, we’ve got you covered. GET TICKETSJASON DANIELEY”Romantic Notions” – 10/2-5 at 7PMSee what’s in Jason Danieley’s heart: no medical scrubs necessary. The Broadway vet, who recently appeared in The Visit, returns to the venue with a brand new show all about love. We have no doubt Danieley knows what he’s talking/singing about: who wouldn’t when you’re married to the ultra-talented and stunning Marin Mazzie? GET TICKETSJESSICA KEENAN WYNN10/5 at 9:30PMLook out: This Heather’s bringing her candy store to 54 Below. Wynn, who’s wrapping up her stint as Cynthia Weil in Beautiful: The Carole King Musical, will present a set list of tunes inspired by her Hollywood early years and past roles: from a tragic mother with a tragic haircut to a high school mean girl to a wild Weil. As is the norm, look out for surprise cameos! GET TICKETSLISA HOWARD10/8-10 at 7PMAfter belting her face off amidst a sea of head voice and mixing during this year’s Tony Awards ceremony, Lisa Howard’s making her 54 Below solo show debut. The powerhouse, who recently starred on Broadway in It Shoulda Been You, will share tunes and tales: we suspect some William Finn gems will be somewhere on that set list. GET TICKETSJARROD SPECTOR & KELLI BARRETT”This Is Dedicated: Music’s Greatest Marriages” – 10/20-24 at 7PMThe newlyweds and part-time drag icons (see left) will share the stage with a night of songs by some of music’s greatest married couples, including Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil (appropriate for Spector), Sonny and Cher, Beyoncé and Jay-Z. We hear they’re also going to lead a giant group round of Carcassonne. GET TICKETSlast_img read more

CUNA continues relief push after Durbin repeal out of CHOICE

first_img 12SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr CUNA President/CEO Jim Nussle said he is disappointed with the removal of Durbin amendment repeal language from the Financial CHOICE Act, but pledged that CUNA, the leagues, and credit unions will continue the offensive in the push for regulatory relief. House Republicans decided to remove the Durbin repeal language from the bill prior to its consideration on the House floor, which could be in early June.“While we are disappointed that the Durbin repeal language was removed, it is important to keep in mind that there are a number of provisions in the CHOICE Act that would provide relief to credit unions, and that is the ultimate goal of our Campaign for Common-Sense Regulation,” Nussle said. “While the CHOICE Act did not represent the right opportunity to address our concerns with the Durbin language, we will continue to urge Congress to consider whether government-imposed price controls on the payments system—or any transaction, including retail transactions—are appropriate.“We look forward to the House considering the CHOICE Act and to future Senate consideration of legislation that would provide meaningful regulatory relief for credit unions,” Nussle added.The Durbin amendment requires the Federal Reserve to limit fees charged to retailers for debit card processing. continue reading »last_img read more

PREMIUMExperts urge ASEAN to harmonize non-tariff barriers to boost intra-regional trade

first_imgFacebook Topics : Google Forgot Password ? Log in with your social account LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Indonesia ASEAN intra-region-trade non-tariff-barrier imports exports ERIA BPS Linkedin Researchers from the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and the Center for Indonesian Policy Studies (CIPS) have advised ASEAN countries to harmonize their non-tariff measures (NTMs) to boost intra-regional trade.With the adoption of the Asian Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA), six members of the association, namely Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, have eliminated import duties on 99.6 percent of their tariff line, while four members, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam, have reduced their import duties to between 0 and 5 percent on 98.86 percent of their tariff line.However, the researchers said that trade in the region remained low due to NTM policies enforced in ASEAN countries, such as trade quotas, licenses, regulations, label requirements, price controls and anticompetitive measures.In 2019, Indonesia’…last_img read more

International leaders congratulate Indonesia on 75 years of independence

first_imgSeveral international leaders conveyed their well-wishes for Indonesia’s future on the country’s 75th Independence Day on Monday.North Korean leader Kim Jong-un congratulated President Jokowi “Jokowi” Widodo and the Indonesian public at large on the independence anniversary, while also praising the country’s economic and cultural accomplishments.“After the independence, your country has made great progress in developing national economy and culture and building a prosperous society under the uplifted banner of sovereignty, independence, and non-alignment,” Kim said in a written statement published on the North Korean Foreign Affairs Ministry’s official website.  “I take this opportunity to express my conviction that the valuable tradition of excellent friendship and cooperation between our two countries would continue to consolidate and develop as required by the new era.”Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison tweeted a congratulatory message to Jokowi, expressing confidence that the two-nation could deepen their bilateral relationship. “Warm congratulations to Jokowi and the Indonesian people on 75 years of Independence. As a close friend and neighbor, we’re committed to deepening cooperation and advancing shared values in our region, in our 70th year of formal diplomatic ties,” Morrison wrote in the tweet.Similarly, leaders of the Muslim world have also expressed their optimism for Indonesia – itself the largest Muslim majority country in the world – as the country celebrated its independence amid the ongoing COVID-19 crisis.As quoted in the Saudi Gazette on Sunday, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia and his son Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman also wished Jokowi a happy and healthy life. The two leaders also expressed hope that Indonesia would achieve further economic advancement and prosperity.center_img Topics :last_img read more

Gov. Wolf: Opioid Command Center Releases Strategic Plan, a Roadmap to Fight the Epidemic

first_img July 06, 2020 Gov. Wolf: Opioid Command Center Releases Strategic Plan, a Roadmap to Fight the Epidemic Press Release,  Substance Use Disorder It’s been more than two years since Governor Tom Wolf signed the first 90-day disaster declaration to empower state agencies and partners to collectively battle the opioid epidemic. Since that date, the declaration has been renewed 10 times, most recently on May 22. If not for the focused, dedicated efforts of the members of Gov. Wolf’s Opioid Command Center, established through the disaster declaration, the recent pandemic might have stalled efforts to combat the opioid crisis, but today, the Opioid Command Center released its strategic plan, highlighting accomplishments to date and providing a roadmap for the continued work to help those with substance use disorder.“By leveraging the diverse strengths and skillsets brought together through the Opioid Command Center, we have been able to make great strides in saving lives and reducing negative outcomes for those suffering with a substance use disorder,” Gov. Wolf said. “I offer my thanks to everyone involved in these crucial efforts.”This strategic plan aims to continue the successes of the Opioid Command Center as well as implement new policies to remove barriers and develop additional initiatives to address the everchanging need for support and resources. Stakeholders were consulted throughout the process of developing the plan to understand the unique challenges facing communities in Pennsylvania and plan developers examined data on a regular basis to monitor effectiveness and target areas of need.While opioids remain a large public health and safety threat, much of the feedback indicated a need to include other substances that are commonly misused, so the scope of the Opioid Command Center has been expanded beyond opioids to encompass other urgent emerging trends, such as the use of stimulants and polysubstances, and other concerns.The plan, available here, includes five goal areas: prevention, rescue, treatment, recovery and sustainability.Prevention involves reducing the risk of substance misuse through education and limiting the availability of addictive substances, as well as continuing efforts to reduce the stigma of the disorder as a disease not a moral failing.Rescue efforts are defined as establishing sustainable methods to provide life-saving measures and increase access to harm-reduction services.Treatment means promoting access and reducing barriers for individuals, and supporting the professionals who treat those with a substance use disorder.Recovery involves promoting supportive services for individuals in recovery. And sustainability includes the work to implement long-lasting policies and regulations to support the other four goals of prevention, rescue, treatment and recovery efforts.“Even amidst a national pandemic, the opioid crisis has continued, and in some ways become more of a challenge,” Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine said. “Our commitment to addressing the opioid crisis remains steadfast, and to assist those with the disease of addiction. We want those affected to know that help is available, treatment works, and recovery is possible.”“As the Department of Drug and Alcohol Programs, our primary goal is to ensure all Pennsylvanians have the opportunity to live healthy, substance-free lives,” said DDAP Secretary Jen Smith. “Through the development of the Command Center, Governor Wolf has provided critical staff and resources to help support our goal in the midst of the opioid epidemic. This roadmap will be an invaluable asset as we continue to navigate the epidemic and the rise of stimulant usage.”Ver esta página en español.center_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitterlast_img read more

Horrible child abuse death in Texas highlights links to marijuana

first_imgParents Opposed to Pot 29 August 2018Family First Comment: Those who say that marijuana makes people calm misunderstand how cannabis works on their brain.   People who advocate for “responsible” use of marijuana need to cut out the delusion and misrepresentation.www.saynopetodope.nzA Texas man fatally stabbed his 16-month-old son, yelling “Jesus is coming,” in Lewisville, outside of Dallas, on August 19. Authorities say 27-year-old Blair Ness is charged in the death of his toddler son Ashton Ness.Police say they found “fresh burnt marijuana as well as a haze of smoke in the apartment,” and blood in multiple areas of the apartment.  Ness started his attack inside and then continued outside in a courtyard.  A neighbor shot the father in his leg to stop the killing.The man told police, “I know everyone’s mad, I’m mad. I killed my son.”   A caller to 911  expresses the disbelief and absurdity of the situation.  We send our condolences to the mother and the family.The incident suggests a marijuana-induced psychosis, a problem that figures in about 10% of the child abuse deaths Parents Opposed to Pot has tracked.In Vermont last year, a father – in the midst of psychosis — jumped four stories with his 6-year-old son.  Anxious and suicidal, Tyler Denning had been smoking marijuana that morning, and claimed that God made him do it.  Fortunately, both father and son survived.Death Highlights Cannabis’ role in Texas child-abuse death In March, Texas released its report on child abuse deaths, finding half the 172 child abuse deaths in 2017 coupled with substance abuse.  Marijuana was the most-used substance connected to child abuse and neglect deaths, followed by alcohol, cocaine and methamphetamine.  In one terrible case last year, Cynthia Randolph left her 1-year old and 2-year-old in the car while she smoked pot.  Both children died.According to the report, of the deaths caused by parent or caregiver substance abuse, 56 used marijuana; 23 used alcohol; 16 involved cocaine; 14 were linked to methamphetamine, 2 involved opiates and 1 was connected to heroin.   Many abusers were co-abusing substances, such as combining marijuana and cocaine.In 2017, Arizona also published a report showing that marijuana was the substance most often linked to child abuse deaths in 2016.READ MORE: http://www.poppot.org/2018/08/29/texas-child-abuse-death-highlights-links-marijuana/Keep up with family issues in NZ. Receive our weekly emails direct to your Inbox.last_img read more

E. coli outbreak: Germany appeals for blood donors

first_img Sharing is caring! Tweet 27 Views   no discussions Share German clinics are appealing for blood donations as the number of people infected with a deadly strain of E. coli has risen above 1,730.So far 17 people have died from the bug in Germany, and it is suspected in another death. One also died in Sweden.German scientists say they have decoded the new E. coli strain’s genes, with help from a Chinese lab. It is a new hybrid form toxic to humans.Germans are still being advised not to eat raw vegetables.Nearly 500 infected people in Germany have got haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS), which harms the kidneys and nervous system and can be fatal.Europe-wide problem Most cases are in northern Germany, including Hamburg. In severe cases doctors have to perform blood transfusions.Lutz Schmidt, medical chief of the Hamburg blood donation service, said: “We need blood, plasma too. The stocks need to be replenished.”He told the newspaper Die Welt that in Hamburg many donors had responded to the Eppendorf University Clinic’s appeal for blood.E. coli usually inhabits the guts of cattle and sheep.The new strain is believed to have spread via contaminated raw cucumbers or tomatoes.The bacteria stick to the intestine walls, pumping out toxins.European health authorities are urgently trying to pinpoint the source of this epidemic.Cases of HUS have also been reported in Denmark, the Netherlands and Spain. Seven people in the UK have the infection, though all are thought to have contracted it in Germany.Two people in the US, who have travelled recently to Germany, are being tested for the strain, said the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).Anger in Spain Spain says it will seek damages from Germany over initial claims that its produce was the source of the outbreak.Spanish PM Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero said he would demand reparations for the economic losses suffered. Germany had blamed Spanish cucumbers but has since accepted it was not the case.Spanish fruit and vegetable exporters estimate they are losing 200m euros ($290m; £177m) a week in sales.“We acted as we had to, and we are going to get reparations and the return of Spanish products to their rightful place,” said Spain’s Prime Minister Zapatero.“I believe that any other interpretation or any effort to politicise the huge mistake made by the German authorities is totally unfair.”Sales of Spanish produce to supermarkets across Europe – not just of cucumbers, but of everything – have ground to a halt, says the BBC’s Sarah Rainsford in Almeria, Spain’s “fruitbasket”.Tens of thousands of kilos of fresh fruit and vegetables grown in Spain are being destroyed, she adds.The European Union has urged Russia – its largest export market for vegetables – to drop its ban on the import of fresh vegetables, describing the move as totally disproportionate.BBC Newscenter_img Share Share HealthLifestyle E. coli outbreak: Germany appeals for blood donors by: – June 3, 2011last_img read more